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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Tibet Science And Technology

Tibet Science And Technology

Tibet Science and technology By the end of 2005, Tibet had 33 State-owned independent scientific institutions, nine non-governmental scientific institutions, 54 kinds of academic communities, 140 institutions for popularization of agricultural and husbandry technology at all levels, employing 38,227 specialized technical personnel over 70 percent of them from Tibet and other ethnic minorities, including 1,825 research specialist staff (one of whom is an academician of China Engineering Academy). Tibet also has one State-class pivotal laboratory, four Science and technology demonstration gardens, five pivotal laboratories at autonomous regional level, three engineering technology research centers at autonomous region level. All these have helped endow Tibet with an initial scientific research and extension system with plateau characteristics.

In 2005, Tibetan research specialist staff undertook 23 State scientific and technological programs, 28 key scientific and technological programs at autonomous region level, and submitted 102 patent applications, 44 of which were authorized. In the approval of key scientific and technological programs, Tibet has always given priority to scientific research of agriculture and animal husbandry, covering more than 50 percent of the total cost of scientific research and bringing about strong economic growth in agriculture and animal husbandry with a contribution rate of 27.5 percent. Recently, Tibet has further strengthened the work of introducing and raising selective fine-strain livestock as well as the test and demonstration activities, carrying out the project of introducing and developing fine-quality and high-efficiency new crops and livestock. Thanks to such projects, Tibet has introduced 9,834 new types of crops and pastures, 307 breeders (fowls), and extended 30 types of crops (six of which have won approval through examination by the autonomous region) and six types of livestock.

Tibet carried out a group of key projects such as ¡°quickly improving the quality traits of Tibetan wheat with bio-technology¡±, ¡°breeding research on Tibetan pigs and Tibetan chickens¡±. Furthermore, it has also made new progress in basic or applied basic research with plateau characteristics. For example, the Yangbajing international cosmic ray observation project on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is well appraised at home and abroad. Great achievements have also been made in research on the prevention and control of mud-rock flows, road damage, earthquakes and other geological disasters, meteorological forecasting and utilization of remote sensing technology, comprehensive prevention and control of desertification and eco-environmental protection, and exploitation of mineral resources. Some of these programs are setting the pace in China and even in the world.

During the period from 2001 to 2005, Tibet had basically formed up a pattern of science and technology promoting agriculture and animal husbandry. Up to now, Tibet has further strengthened the work of introducing and feeding chosen of fine-strain livestock as well as the test and demonstration, carrying out the project of introducing and feeding fine-quality and high-efficiency new crops and livestock. Thanks to such a project, Tibet has introduced 9,834 new types of crops and pastures, 307 breeders (fowls), extending 30 types of crops (six of which has won approval through examination by the autonomous region) and six types of livestock. Tibet carried out a group of key projects such as ¡°quickly improving the quality traits of Tibetan wheat with bio-technology¡±, ¡°breeding research on Tibetan pigs and Tibetan chickens¡± and ¡°research on the breeding technology of Northwest Tibet cashmere goats¡±.

With a view to promoting transformation of scientific and technological achievements as well as the introduction of advanced technology, Tibet has built 37 scientific and technological bases for demonstration purposes and pilot programs in various eco-regions and spread 20 items of advanced pragmatic technology for use in agriculture and animal husbandry. It established five demonstration bases, including elementary species of crops, improved varieties of vegetables, semi-fine wool sheep breeding, improvement of scalpers, comprehensive test procedures combining agriculture and animal husbandry, mainly spreading high-quality species like Tibet Rape No. 5. As a result, Tibet has transferred four million kg seeds into and out of the region, extended the area of test demonstration of introducing fine herbage to 257.8 hectares. Simultaneously, it has widely engaged in improving and breeding scalpers, sheep and goats, research and demonstration popularization of grass planting, short-term fattening, prevention of common livestock diseases, microbe-treated straw, and yak breeding through frozen semen. Thanks to these measures, Tibet had over 44,000 breeding key households (special households and demonstrated households) of all types, 15,000 improved scalpers and 60,000 improved sheep, bringing in more income for farmers and herders.

Hi-tech enterprises and scientific and technological enterprises are growing quickly thanks to the measures of policy support, normal management and intensified service. At present, there are 15 hi-tech enterprises. In 2004, the production value of scientific and technological enterprises reached 513 million Yuan, with taxes paid amounting to 69.5 million Yuan. The high-efficiency greenhouses and multi-span greenhouses in modern agriculture demonstration gardens have reached the stage of scientific research and experimentation and begun to play a role of demonstration and radiation action. Lhasa Chengguan District Integrated Demonstration Base of Scientific and Technological Industry, Bainang County Modern Agriculture Science and Technology Example Garden, Xigaze Gyangdang Eco-Agricultural Science and Technology Garden have brought obvious economic and social benefits since they were established.

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