Tibet travel agent
Tibet travel service
Tibet Tours
Lhasa Tours
Tibet Tour Packages
Beijing Tours
Yunnan Tours
Guilin Tours
China Tours

Tibet Travel Guide
Lhasa Travel Guide
Tibet Travel Tips
Tibet Travel FAQs
Tibet Maps

About Us
Contact Us
Terms And Payment

Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Tibet Religious Belief

Tibet Religious Belief

Tibet Religious BeliefFreedom to religious belief is a basic State policy of China. Article 36 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China stipulates that all citizens enjoy freedom in religious belief; no State organ, social organization or individual is allowed to force any citizen to believe or not to believe in any religion; nor discriminate against any citizen with or with no religious belief; the State protects normal religious activities.

In old Tibet, all people had to have religious belief and Tibet followed the temporal and religious administration. They enjoyed no freedom to religious belief.

In 1959, Tibet underwent Democratic Reform. While abolishing the feudal privileges of the three major feudal lords and upper-class monks, annulling the exploitation system and separating religion from government, due respect was given to the Tibetan people¡¯s freedom of religious belief and folk customs. After the Democratic Reform, there are still resident monks and nuns in monasteries and nunneries enjoying a good life, and religious personnel are allowed to conduct their activities freely. All this points up to the fact that the Tibetans enjoy real freedom to religious belief, enjoying the right to be lamas or resume secular life. Various monasteries have elected their own management committees or groups, which handle monastic life. Statistics show there are more than 46,000 monks and nuns in Tibet, or 2 percent of the region¡¯s population. They are free to recite sutras, pray for good luck and dispelling evils, receive a blessing touch on the forehead from Living Buddha¡¯s and can conduct rituals to redeem the sins of the dead. In accordance with the need of the religious activities of the patriotic religious personages and followers, a number of major monasteries have been listed as cultural relics units subject to State or regional protection.

Today, religious followers in Tibet may set up family shrines to worship Buddha at home. They are also free to worship in monasteries. It is a common scene that Tibetan worshippers take ritual walks around holy mountains or holy lakes; devout people hang up sutra streamers, pile up Mani stone mounds, or prostrate themselves along the long way to Buddhist sites. Each year, there are up to a million people worshipping Buddha in the Jokhang Monastery in Lhasa. In addition, religious habits and customs included in wedding or funeral ceremonies are fully respected. Various religious holidays, such as the Grand Summons Ceremony in Lhasa, traditional ritual walk around holy mountains in the Tibetan Year of the Horse, and traditional ritual walk around Nam Co Lake in the Tibetan Year of Sheep, are celebrated as usual.

The Living Buddha reincarnation system, unique to Tibetan Buddhism, still works in Tibet. In 1992, the Central People¡¯s Government approved the 17th Living Buddha Garmaba of the Gagyu Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. In 1995, the soul boy of the late 10th Panchen Erdeni was determined through the method of drawing lots from the golden urn in accordance with the set religious rules and with the approval of the Central Government. Living Buddha¡¯s thus confirmed work actively in various religious sites.

Institutes of Buddhism

Tibet Institutes of BuddhismIn 1983, with the aid from the TAR government, the Tibet branch of the Buddhist Association of China founded the Tibet Buddhism College and started to offer sutra-study classes in some monasteries. Now more than 3,000 monks have studied in such classes. In addition, large-scale lectures and debates on Buddhist doctrines are organized several times a year.

Besides, each sect recommends and sends a certain number of Living Buddha, Geshe (Geshe is a scholar with equivalent to doctoral degree in Tibetan Buddhism) and monastery administrators to receive further training in the Senior Tibetan Buddhist College of China in Beijing.

In September 1987, with the approval of the State Council, the Beijing China Tibetan Language Higher Institute of Buddhism was set up according to the proposal of the late 10th Panchen Erdeni and Zhao Puchu, President of the Buddhist Association of China. The Instiute is located at Xihuangsi Monastery, Andingmen Wai of Beijing, which was where the 6th Dalai Lama paid audience to the Qing emperor. Students of the institute are reincarnated Living Buddhas (some being monk students) with monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet various other parts of China. The Institute teaches mainly Buddhist classics for two to three years in order to produce college-level graduates and even post graduate students. So far, the institute has recruited 10 classes of students, training more than 300 senior professionals in Tibetan Buddhism. The China Higher Institute of Tibetan Language Buddhism restored the degree system in 2004, and began to enroll students from the Tibetan-inhabited areas in Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan, as well as Tibet. A total of 27 monks attended examinations for 2005. The examination involves theories of Tibetan Buddhist classics, and Buddhist philosophy. Entrants are those who also succeeded in debate on Buddhist doctrines. In the end, four gained admission.

In recent years, the Tibet branch of the Buddhist Association of China organized religious figures to conduct friendly visits or academic exchanges in foreign countries. In the meantime, it has received more than 10,000 people form dozens of countries, who came individually or on groups for worship on Buddha, visit or inspection.

Tibet Travel Guide
Tibet Administrative Division
Tibet Agriculture
Autonomous Power For Socio-economic Development
Tibet Political Autonomy Right
Tibet Aviation
Tibet Banking & Insurance
Construction Of Eco-forestry
Tibet Culture
Domestic Trade In Tibet
Tibetan Economy Overview
Education In Tibet
Tibet Ethnic Makeup
Tibet Financial Revenues
Fixed Assets Investment
Foreign Trade
Tibetan Geographical Location
Tibet Highway
Tibet Historical Cities
History Of Tibet
Tibet Industry And Building Industry
Inheritance & Development
Major Festivals
Tibet Natural Resources
Tibet Nature Reserves
Tibet Oil Pipelines
People's Livelihood
People In Tibet
Tibet Population
Tibet Posts And Telecommunications
Protection Of The Water Environment
Tibet Public Health
Qinghai-Tibet Railway
Tibet Religious Belief
Tibet Science & Technology
Tibet Social Security
Sports In Tibet
Tibet Religion
Tibet Topography
Tibet Tourism Resources
Tibet Tourist Programs And Routes
Home | About Us | Terms And Conditions | Contact Us
Email: tibetgreattouroutlook.com, Telephone: 0086-773-2669587, www.TibetGreatTour.com, all rights reserved.