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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Tibet Oil Pipelines

Tibet Oil Pipelines

Tibet Oil Pipelines Before the 1970s, oil and finished oil used in Tibet had to be transported by automobiles via the Qinghai-Tibet and Sichuan-Tibet highways. Owing to the excessively long distance, oil consumed on the way accounted for one-third of the total transported volume. In addition to the high costs, the transportation was full of danger.

On May 30, 1972, Premier Zhou Enlai gave the signal for the construction of an oil pipeline from Golmud in Qinghai to Lhasa to help solve the oil shortage problem confronting Tibet. The pipeline reached Lhasa in November 1976 and went into service in October 1977. The 1,080-km-long pipeline is the longest of its kind in China, and the highest in the world. There are 11 pump stations, and one oil diversion station along the route. An oil depot was built in Lhasa. Reconstruction of the oil depot was undertaken to double its oil holding capacity from 1984 to 1985.

Over the past 20 years or so, the oil pipeline harvested good economic results. In 2005, more than 120,000 tons of oil had been transported into Tibet through the pipeline, a figure which is basically about the same with 2004.

Efforts will also be made to undertake construction of oil pipelines from Lhasa to Gonggar, Nyingchi and Xigaze, and from Gonggar to Zetang, so as to gradually form the pipeline transportation network centered on Lhasa.

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