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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Inheritance And Development Of Traditional Tibetan Culture

Inheritance And Development Of Traditional Tibetan Culture

traditional Tibetan culture Over the past 40 years, Tibet has made full use of the rights granted by the PRC Constitution to develop its cultural undertakings. This makes it possible to inherit and further develop its traditional culture.

Study and Use of Tibetan Language

The Tibet Autonomous Region enacted and implemented the Stipulations of the Tibet Autonomous Region for the Study, Use and Development of the Tibetan Language (For Trial Implementation) and the Rules for the Implementation of the Stipulations of the Tibet Autonomous Region for the Study, Use and Development of the Tibetan Language (For Trial Implementation) in 1987 and 1988 respectively. Both contain clear stipulations for equal importance on the use of Tibetan and Han Chinese, but mainly the use of Tibetan language. This marks the first time in more than 1,300 years for Tibet to have a special law to protect its own language.?

Teaching materials for students from primary to high schools, which are in Tibetan, have been compiled. In the Tibet Autonomous Region today, primary schools mainly teach in Tibetan; while middle schools use both Tibetan and Chinese (depending on the situation); as do high schools. Tibet middle schools and Tibetan classes have also been established in inland provinces; and the Tibetan language is taught in middle schools.

All regulatons adopted by people¡¯s congresses at various levels in Tibet, and all documents of governments at all levels in the region have both Tibetan and Chinese versions. Legal issues involving Tibetans also use Tibetan language.

Official stamps, certificates, forms, envelopes, logos of various units, as well as sign boards of government institutions, factories, schools, bus stations, airports, stadiums, libraries and roads are all marked in the Tibetan and Han Chinese languages. Radio and TV programs in Tibetan have been created. For instance, the Tibet People¡¯s Radio Broadcast Station has many programs in the Tibetan and Khampa languages. Each year, Tibet creates many films and TV plays, all dubbed in Tibetan, to the delight of the Tibetan audience; the Tibetan Language Translation Office of the TAR Movie Co. produces 25 translated items and more than 500 copies.

Use of computer technology and popularity of Internet combine to provide a wide platform for the study, development and use of the Tibetan language. A domestically developed advanced Tibetan language editing system, laser layout system, and electronic publishing system are widely adopted in Tibet. There has been a sharp increase in various kinds of applicable software being adopted; the Tibetan letters computerized coding system meets State and international standards. The Tibetan language is the first minority ethnic language in China to meet international standards.

Numerous people who can read and speak Tibetan browse for news in that language on the Internet. This has become part of their daily life. On December 20, 2005, the Tibet People¡¯s Radio Broadcasting Station joined hands with the China Radio International in operating Tibetan language programs on the Beijing-based ¡°International Line¡± website, including ¡°Ballad Singing on King Gesar¡±, ¡°Approaching Tibet¡±, ¡°Holy Land of Tibet¡± and ¡°Love Expressed in Songs¡±. This opens a window for people of the Tibetan ethnic group in the Tibet-inhabited areas to learn more about the world, and also for Tibetan compatriots living overseas to understand China, Tibet included.

Rescuing Cultural Relics

traditional Tibetan culture Outstanding traditional culture is well carried forward, protected and developed in Tibet. For this purpose, governments at various levels in the region have set up special organs geared to rescue, compiling and studying cultural heritages. Works published on this basis come of ten categories, including Collected Folk Tales of China: Tibet Volume, Collected Folk Sayings of China: Tibet Volume, Collected Operas: Tibet Volume, and others such as folk dances, sayings, ballads and folk songs. They represent success achieved in the rescuing and protecting of traditional Tibetan culture. King Gesar, the world¡¯s longest epic created by the Tibetan people, has been passed on for generations orally. The Tibet Autonomous Region set up a special agency in 1979 to salvage and collate the gem of world epics. The attempt was listed as a key national research project. Through efforts of more than 20 years, over 3,000 tapes have been recorded and close to 300 Tibetan manuscripts and woodblocks have been collected. Altogether 62 Tibetan versions have been collated and published with some 3 million copies. More than 20 Chinese versions of the epic have also been published, some of which have been translated into English, Japanese and French.

Respecting Customs and Habits

The customs and habits of the Tibetans receive due respect and protection. The Tibetan race and other ethnic minorities in the region enjoy the right to live in their own way in terms of daily life and social activities. While retaining their own costumes, diet and housing styles, the Tibetans pursue for things new. In the region, traditional holidays such as Tibetan New year, Sagya Dawa Festival, Ongkor (Bumper Harvest) Festival and Shoton (Sour Milk Drinking) Festival are still celebrated. In addition, Tibet applies for King Gesar, Tibetan opera, Shannan Moinba opera, Xuanzi dance, Gorzhuang dance, Raba dance, Shannan Changgo Cho dance, Changmo in Tashilhungpo Monastery of Xigaze, tangka paintings and Lhasa kites have been listed as the first group of recommended candidates for the List of Non-Tangible Cultural Relics of China; they cover such fields as literature, dance, opera, fine art, handicraft and traditional medicine.

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