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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Tibet Highway

Tibet Highway

Tibet Highway Alongside fast and steady economic development, Tibet has witnessed a breakthrough in construction of basic infrastructure. In the past five years, it made efforts to speed up construction of highway networks and, at the same time, built the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, Nyingchi Airport, and the renovated Golmud-Lhasa oil pipeline. This laid a good foundation for a comprehensive transport network composed mainly of highways and the railway, and supported by aviation and pipeline transportation. In 2005, Tibet moved 3.6561 million tons of goods, an increase of 27.2 percent over 2004, and 4.7947 million people, a rise of 41.6 percent.

From 2006 to 2010, Tibet will speed up construction of a better transport system, renovate the Sichuan-Tibet, Yunnan-Tibet and other trunk highways, complete construction of supportive facilities for the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, and strive to start construction of the Lhasa-Nyingchi and Lhasa-Xigaze railways. In the meantime, efforts will be made to prepare for construction of the Yunnan-Tibet Railway. Efforts will also be made to improve the aviation system, build Ngari Airport, and renovate Qamdo Bamda Airport so as to increase their annual handling capacity to 1.85 million people.


Recent years have seen more State funds invested in highway construction. From 2001 to 2005, Tibet used 14.692 billion Yuan for construction of highways, adding some 12,900 km of roads, and close to 2,000 km of the Qinghai-Tibet, Sichuan-Tibet and China-Nepal highways were renovated. At present, Tibet has built a highway network composed mainly of five national highways and 15 provincial-level roads; it centers on Lhasa, Xigaze, Qamdo and Nagqu. In 2005, 3.56 million tons of goods were transported via highways, an increase of 29.9 percent; and moved 3.85 million people, a 50.4 percent increase. Highways open to traffic extend 43,716 km.

Tibet Highway There has also been a breakthrough in construction of rural highways. In the past five years, Tibet has undertaken 343 rural highway construction projects, involving a total investment of 1.99 billion Yuan; they include construction of 7,090 km of highways and 103 large and medium-sized road bridges. By the end of 2005, of the 683 townships and 5,931 villages in Tibet, 658 townships (96 percent of the total or 12 percent higher than 2000) and 4,472 villages (75 percent of the total or 11 percent higher than 2000) had gained road access. Easy access to highways makes it easy for the locals to transport their products out of their own locality and helps development of rural transportation business.

However, there are still 36 countries without access to an asphalted road, and 25 townships and 1,459 villages with no highway access; Tibet has the only county in China which has no access to highway. From 2006 to 2010, a total of 43 billion Yuan of investment will be made in reconstruction and renovation of 17,600 km of highways, including 4,500 km of rural roads. By 2010, of the 683 townships in Tibet, only Gandain and other townships in Medog County will have only standard mule/horse routes, and the other 681 townships will have access to highways; and upwards of 80 percent of villages will enjoy access to highways; the highway mileage will reach 50,000 km. The State will also invest more in the renovation of the Qinghai-Tibet, Sichuan-Tibet, Xinjiang-Tibet, China-Nepal and Yunnan-Tibet Highways. Of these, all but the Xinjiang-Tibet highway will be basically asphalted. Except when there are extremely serious natural calamities, these highways will remain in service all year round.

Major Trunk Highways in Tibet

Qinghai-Tibet Highway

Xining of Qinghai? to Lhasa of Tibet

1944 km

Sichuan-Tibet Highway

Chengdu of Sichuan to Lhasa of Tibet

2397 km from Chengdu to Garze, Qamdo, Nyingchi and Lhasa

2171 km from Chengdu to Batang, Bamda, Nyingchi and Lhasa

Xinjiang-Tibet Highway

Yecheng of Xinjiang to Gar of Tibet

1080 km

Yunnan-Tibet Highway

Xiaguan of Yunnan to Mangkang of Tibet

716 km

China-Nepal Highway

Lhasa of Tibet to Kathmandu of Nepal

861 km

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