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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> The Autonomous Power For Socio-economic Development

The Autonomous Power For Socio-economic Development

The autonomous power for socio-economic development Speeding up social and economic development of the ethnic minority regions and guaranteeing the people of ethnic minorities enjoy equal right to subsistence and development constitute a key to the implementation of the regional national autonomy policy.

Working in accordance with its actual situation, the Tibet Autonomous Region, over the past four decades, has fully exercised the autonomous rights granted by the law in regard to economic and social development. It has worked out and implemented its own Five-Year Plan, setting targets for rapid economic and social development and making great efforts to improve the basic infrastructure, better people's life and arranging economic and social development projects independently. This guarantees that Tibet will always enjoy fast and healthy social and economic development in accordance with its actual conditions.

The State also provides the region with special support and assistance in such fields as finance, taxations, material, technology and people needed by the region for socio-economic development. Since the 1980s, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have held four national conferences on work in Tibet, which adopted a series of preferential policies and measures on economic and social development. For example, since 1984, a long-term policy that "farmland is distributed among farming households for individual management" and "livestock are allocated to individual households, and independently owned, bred and managed by them" has been carried out in the farming and pasturing areas in Tibet. The policy has greatly aroused farmers and herders¡¯ enthusiasm for production.

In taxation, Tibet is the only region in China to enjoy a policy that taxes the people at three percentage points less than other parts of the country. Farmers and herdsmen are exempt from agricultural and animal husbandry taxes and enjoy free medical treatment; and for their children, their room and board at school is free. From 1984 to 2004, the exemption from agriculture and animal husbandry taxes surpassed 250 million Yuan.??

The autonomous power for socio-economic development In regard to finance, Tibet has always been enjoying a loan interest rate and an insurance rate, all two-percentage points lower than the national average. In addition, the State gives priority to support for large and medium-sized key projects in such fields as energy resources, road construction and comprehensive development, and those for social development. With regard to price hikes as a result of State adjustment of prices, the Central Government will grant subsidies. It follows the basic guideline of ¡°relaxed control, opening wider to the outside and seeking faster expansion¡±.

Moreover, the State gives special support to Tibet in terms of funding, technology, and personnel. From 1984 to 1994, the government and nine provinces and municipalities in the hinterland aided 43 Tibetan projects involving a total investment of 480 million Yuan. From 1994 to 2001, a total of 62 aid projects were conducted directly by the Central Government departments concerned in Tibet, involving a total investment of 4.86 billion Yuan; and 15 provinces and Central Government departments aided Tibet in 716 projects with a total investment of 3.16 billion Yuan. In 2001, the Central Government decided to invest more in the development of Tibet. From 2001 to 2005, this meant an injection of 31.2 billion Yuan in construction of 117 projects; and financial subsidies reaching 37.9 billion Yuan; 71 construction projects were undertaken by other parts of China involving total investment of 1.062 billion Yuan.

Statistics show financial expenditure in Tibet has reached 87.586 billion Yuan during the 40 years since the foundation of the Tibet Autonomous Region; of this sum, 94.9 percent came from Central Government allowances. The assistance from the Central Government and the various other parts of the country have greatly improved the production and living conditions of Tibet, making it possible for the region to move from a manor-based to a market economy. Modern industry has come into being covering some 20 different sectors.

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