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Home >> Tibet Travel Guide >> Tibet Agriculture, Animal Husbandry And Forestry

Tibet Agriculture, Animal Husbandry And Forestry

Tibet AgricultureIn 2005, the total output value of Tibet's agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery reached 6.774 billion Yuan, an increase of 4 percent from 2004. Of this, that of agriculture was 2.989 billion Yuan, up 2.3 percent; and that of animal husbandry was 3.005 billion Yuan, up 0.8 percent.
Agriculture

The cultivated area in Tibet now reaches 230,000 hectares. In 2005, farmland sown to cereals was 177,680 hectares, some 2,110 hectares less than the previous year. Of this, farmland sown with qingke barley reached 120,270 hectares, an increase of 160 hectares; that of wheat 42,000 hectares, an increase of 1,360 hectares; that of rape 26,000 hectares, an increase of 1,730 hectares; that of vegetables 18,000 hectares, an increase of 2,890 hectares. Grain production in 2005 reached 933,900 tons, a fall of 4.5 percent from the previous year; production of rapeseeds was 61,200 tons, an increase of 13.5 percent; production of vegetables was 429,200 tons, an increase of 43.1 percent.

At the end of 2005, farm and animal husbandry machinery power reached 2.31 million kW, an increase of 20.5 percent over the previous year. The number of tractors reached 85,678; the effectively irrigated farmland area reached 162,590 hectares, with the irrigated area making up over 65 percent of the total; power generated for the farming and livestock breeding area reached 63.54 million kW, an increase of 7.7 percent.

Tibet plans to develop agricultural business unique to itself, and a processing industry in the next five years. Efforts will be made to develop vegetable farms in the suburban areas, and orchards and forest resources in the southeastern part. The mode featuring companies, farms and farmers will be adopted, competitive agricultural businesses supported and intensive farm produce processing developed to raise added value.

Animal Husbandry

Tibet animal husbandryThe Tibet Autonomous Region is one of the five major pasturelands in China. Natural grasslands total 82 million hectares, or 23 percent of the national total. The livestock in Tibet mainly comprise yak, cattle, pien niu (offspring of a bull and a female yak), horse, donkey, sheep and pig. Livestock products are material base for the livelihood of Tibetan people, main resources for export, and major raw materials of the textile and processing industries.

In 2005, Tibet had 24.14 million head of domestic animals in stock, a fall of 950,000 head from the previous year. This included 6.32 million cows (an increase of 190,000), and 16.98 million sheep (a fall of 1.18 million). In the year, the output of pork, beef and mutton reached 214,600 tons, an increase of 3.1 percent and that of dairy products 270,000 tons, an increase of 3 percent. The per-capita share of meat and milk reached 76.1 kg and 95.7 kg, respectively 10.1 kg and 27.4 kg higher than the national average.

From 2006 to 2010, Tibet will stress development of seven special items, including wool producing goats in northwest Tibet, yaks in northeast Tibet, goats in central and north Tibet, forest resources and medicinal herbs in southeast Tibet, quality cereals, and oil-bearing crops in central Tibet, as well as farm produce and sideline occupation products in the suburban areas, Tibetan pigs and Tibetan chickens. This is aimed at the further development of agriculture, animal husbandry, and the economy in the farming and livestock breeding areas.

Forestry

Tibet ForestryTibet ranks fifth in Chin in terms of forest areas. It boasts 7.17 million hectares of forestland with 2.09 billion cubic meters of timber stock, a figure making it first in China. Protection and construction of Tibet_ s ecological environment is vitally important to the environment in the lower and middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the southwest neighboring countries and even to the whole globe.

To better conserve natural forests, the counties of Gyangda, Kongqug and Mangkam in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River were officially included in a national project for conserving natural forests in 2000. The Tibet Autonomous Region has attached importance to the project. Despite tight finance, it managed to put in 10 million yuan for growing saplings, investigating forest resources, and relocating residents of the project site. In 2005, the Tibet Autonomous Region planted 14,750 hectares of trees. They include 2,910 hectares of timber forest, 2,730 hectares of economic froests, and 8,890 hectares of forest belts.

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